A recent study (Nurse et al. 2010) surveyed Niger-Congo verbal categories. However, no data from Kainji languages was included quite likely because very little on Kainji languages has been researched or published. This paper offers data from U̠t-Ma’in, a Kainji language, spoken in Kebbi State and Niger State, Nigeria. Additional comparative verbal morphology data is presented from closely related languages, C’Lela [[dri]()] and U̠t-Hun [[dud]()].
U̠t-Ma’in employs verbal suffixes, a series of pre-verb auxiliaries and nominalizations to express the various tense and aspect categories of the language. Within the auxiliary paradigm, there is a three way tense distinction: past imperfective, present imperfective and future. The suffixed verb morphology paradigm shows only a two way tense distinction: past versus non-past.
|ɘ̄ m||rɛ́ -g-ɘ̄ n||sāp||ɘ||zwɘ̄ g ɘ̄ r|
|1 SG||eat- PST - DIST||rice||LOC||Zuru.town|
|‘I ate rice in Zuru (before coming here)’|
|ú||jɘ̄ n-ɛ||hɔ̀ g-d-ɘ̀ -mɛ|
|C 1.3 SG||leave- EXCL||hear- C 5- ASSOC -6 M -shame|
|‘(Only) he left ashamed.’|
Paterson, Rebecca D. 2014. Verbal categories in U̱t-Ma’in, a Kainji language of Nigeria. Paper presented at the 45th Annual conference on African Linguistics at the University of Kansas, Lawrence, KS.