Articles come in a large variety of “styles”. By which I mean that there are lots publishing workflows. For example, some journals have one issue per year, while others have several. Some journals have continuious pagination across their various issues while others do not. Some journals, usually those which publish exclusivly online, have volumes (or issues) and article IDs while others have only article IDs. Those journals with article IDs, usually have pagination per article rather than per volume, but this is not always the case.

In addition to the various identificatoin aspects of published articles there is also commonly a “version” dynamic which was almost unseen in article prior to digital publication. Version have seen an increase since the open access movement started gaining momentum. When digital copies of articles were limited by publishers to paying customers, authors would release a “pre-print” or a “post-print” version1.

Article (Journal or Serial)


Chapter in an edited volume which was first published as an article


Electronic only

Article with Article ID and no continuious pagination

  1. Sometimes pre-prints and post-prints vary only in their pagination (the text is the same), sometimes the pagination is the same but the font is changed. Other times the changes are substantial. For example, some journals require that authors release their manuscript on a pre-print server, and then submit the link to the joural, rather than a manuscript. Then the journal will conduct its peer review process resulting in the author making significant changes, the final, accepted version is then uploaded to the same pre-print server as a second version. ↩︎