Zotero & CSL Variables

Table of Zotero variables matched to their CSL defined types

CSL variable Description
abstract [standard] abstract of the item (e.g. the abstract of a journal article)
accessed [date] date the item has been accessed
annote* [standard] reader’s notes about the item content
archive [standard] archive storing the item
archive_location [standard] storage location within an archive (e.g. a box and folder number)
archive-place* [standard] geographic location of the archive
author [name] author
authority [standard] issuing or judicial authority (e.g. “USPTO” for a patent, “Fairfax Circuit Court” for a legal case)
call-number [standard] call number (to locate the item in a library)
chapter-number [number] chapter number
citation-label* [standard] label identifying the item in in-text citations of label styles (e.g. “Ferr78”). May be assigned by the CSL processor based on item metadata.
citation-number* [standard] index (starting at 1) of the cited reference in the bibliography (generated by the CSL processor)
collection-editor [name] editor of the collection holding the item (e.g. the series editor for a book)
collection-number [number] number identifying the collection holding the item (e.g. the series number for a book)
collection-title [standard] title of the collection holding the item (e.g. the series title for a book)
composer [name] composer (e.g. of a musical score)
container* [date] ?
container-author [name] author of the container holding the item (e.g. the book author for a book chapter)
container-title [standard] title of the container holding the item (e.g. the book title for a book chapter, the journal title for a journal article)
container-title-short [standard] short/abbreviated form of “container-title” (also accessible through the “short” form of the “container-title” variable)
dimensions [standard] physical (e.g. size) or temporal (e.g. running time) dimensions of the item
director [name] director (e.g. of a film)
DOI [standard] Digital Object Identifier (e.g. “10.1128/AEM.02591-07”)
edition [number] (container) edition holding the item (e.g. “3” when citing a chapter in the third edition of a book)
editor [name] editor
editorial-director* [name] managing editor (“Directeur de la Publication” in French)
event [standard] name of the related event (e.g. the conference name when citing a conference paper)
event-date* [date] date the related event took place
event-place [standard] geographic location of the related event (e.g. “Amsterdam, the Netherlands”)
first-reference-note-number* [standard] number of a preceding note containing the first reference to the item. Assigned by the CSL processor. The variable holds no value for non-note-based styles, or when the item hasn’t been cited in any preceding notes.
genre [standard] class, type or genre of the item (e.g. “adventure” for an adventure movie, “PhD dissertation” for a PhD thesis)
illustrator* [name] illustrator (e.g. of a children’s book)
interviewer [name] interviewer (e.g. of an interview)
ISBN [standard] International Standard Book Number
ISSN [standard] International Standard Serial Number
issue [number] (container) issue holding the item (e.g. “5” when citing a journal article from journal volume 2, issue 5)
issued [date] date the item was issued/published
jurisdiction* [standard] geographic scope of relevance (e.g. “US” for a US patent)
keyword* [standard] keyword(s) or tag(s) attached to the item
language [standard] Language code. Not intended for display purposes.
locator* [standard] a cite-specific pinpointer within the item (e.g. a page number within a book, or a volume in a multi-volume work). Must be accompanied in the input data by a label indicating the locator type (see the Locators term list), which determines which term is rendered by cs:label when the “locator” variable is selected.
medium [standard] medium description (e.g. “CD”, “DVD”, etc.)
note [standard] (short) inline note giving additional item details (e.g. a concise summary or commentary)
number [number] number identifying the item (e.g. a report number)
number-of-pages [number] total number of pages of the cited item
number-of-volumes [number] total number of volumes, usable for citing multi-volume books and such
original-author* [name] ?
original-date* [date] (issue) date of the original version
original-publisher* [standard] original publisher, for items that have been republished by a different publisher
original-publisher-place* [standard] geographic location of the original publisher (e.g. “London, UK”)
original-title* [standard] title of the original version (e.g. “Война и мир”, the untranslated Russian title of “War and Peace”)
page [standard] range of pages the item (e.g. a journal article) covers in a container (e.g. a journal issue)
page-first* [standard] first page of the range of pages the item (e.g. a journal article) covers in a container (e.g. a journal issue)
PMCID* [standard] PubMed Central reference number
PMID* [standard] PubMed reference number
publisher [standard] publisher
publisher-place [standard] geographic location of the publisher
recipient [name] recipient (e.g. of a letter)
references [standard] resources related to the procedural history of a legal case
reviewed-author [name] author of the item reviewed by the current item
reviewed-title* [standard] title of the item reviewed by the current item
scale [standard] scale of e.g. a map
section [standard] container section holding the item (e.g. “politics” for a newspaper article)
source [standard] from whence the item originates (e.g. a library catalog or database)
status [standard] (publication) status of the item (e.g. “forthcoming”)
submitted [date] date the item (e.g. a manuscript) has been submitted for publication
title [standard] primary title of the item
title-short [standard] short/abbreviated form of “title” (also accessible through the “short” form of the “title” variable)
translator [name] translator
URL [standard] Uniform Resource Locator (e.g. “http://aem.asm.org/cgi/content/full/74/9/2766”)
version [standard] version of the item (e.g. “2.0.9” for a software program)
volume [number] (container) volume holding the item (e.g. “2” when citing a chapter from book volume 2)
year-suffix* [standard] disambiguating year suffix in author-date styles (e.g. “a” in “Doe, 1999a”)

Data Sources

Vinckevicius, Zumstein & Bennett (2021)
, & (). Data Transforms. In z2csl - Zotero to CSL extension and mappings.. Github Project. Retrieved from https://aurimasv.github.io/z2csl/typeMap.xml